VIVARIUM PLANTS

Vivarium plants are flora that adapts to life in an enclosed container. Once established, these plants will thrive in this controlled environment. These types of plants are often nontoxic and suitable for other inhabitants to share space with. Browse our growing list to find vivarium plants perfect for your specific terrarium or aquarium setup:

Vivarium Moss

Mosses & Moss-Like Plants

Mosses are essential to every kind of enclosure. These types of vivarium plants help bridge the gap between foreground vegetation and hardscape pieces. When deciding on a carpeting plant like moss, choose flora that not only shares similar requirements to the rest of the plants… But also blend the general theme of the tank together nicely. Browse our bryophyte list below to help you find the right mosses for your vivarium:

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What Is Boston Fern? Boston fern is a plant that belongs to the Nephrolepis genus under the order or Polypodiales. As the name suggests, this plant is part of a group of plants called ferns. Ferns are vascular plants that reproduce through spores and don’t have seeds or flowers. Ferns are different from mosses due…

Afterwards, What Is Button Fern? Pellaea Rotundifolia is a species of fern that botanist has grouped under the Pteridaceae family. Commonly referred to as button fern, this plant grows in a clumpy structure with branches that creep out in a very vine-like fashion. While closely resembling the lemon button fern, Pellaea Rotundifolia exhibits a noticeably…

What Is Christmas Moss? The scientific name for Christmas moss is Vesicularia montagnei. It belongs to the Hypnaceae family under order Hypnales of class Bryopsida. Vesicularia montagnei is an aquatic moss and does exceptionally well completely submerged in water. Aside from its aesthetic qualities, it also serves as a great hiding spot and food source…

What Is Club Moss? Club moss, scientifically known as Selaginella kraussiana, belongs to the Lycopodiaceae family of vascular plants. Selaginella is made up of over 300 different types of species but this article will cover the Kraussiana species. Kraussiana is commonly referred to as club moss because of its unique branching style. This plant is…

What Is Crocodile Fern? Crocodile fern is a tropical species of pant that is part of the Polypodiaceae family. It belongs to the Microsorum genus, which consists of approximately 50 species found across the world. Crocodile Fern’s scientific name is Microsorum musifolium. Like many other ferns, this plant is epiphytic in nature. This means that…

What is Crystalwort? Crystalwort, also known as Ricca Fluitans, is a floating plant that can be found all around the world. It belongs to the Ricciaceae family and was made popular by the famous Japanese Aquascaper Takashi Amano. Although it had already been previously discovered and cataloged by Linnaeus in 1753, Takashi was the first…

This definitive guide on feather moss (Ptilium crista-castrensis) provides an in-depth look at the vivarium plant… Care tips, how to and propagation advice

What Is Fern Moss? The scientific name for Delicate fern moss is Thuidium delicatulum. It belongs to the Thuidium genus under the order of Hypnales. Thuidium delicatulum is a terrestrial moss and does exceptionally well in very wet soil. Despite their like for wet environments, this moss should not be fully submerged or left to…

What Is Flame Moss? Flame moss is a rare species of creeping moss, whose popularity amongst hobbyist is drastically growing. Its low maintenance and lighting needs make it a great plant to keep in any freshwater aquarium. What sets Flame moss apart from most other mosses is its distinctive look. This plant’s swirling shoots that…

What Is Floating Fern? Salvinia Natans is a species of fern in the Salviniaceae family. Commonly referred to as floating fern, this plant is one of the few fully aquatic ferns sold in the aquarium market. The unusual aspect of this flora is its uncanny ability to float. Furthermore, this fern doesn’t grow long roots…

What Is Heart Fern? Hemionitis Arifolia is a species of fern within the Pteridaceae family. Typically used as a houseplant for decoration, this fern is also used for medicinal purposes to treat cancer in parts of Asia. Hemionitis is commonly referred to as heart fern due to its uniquely shaped leaves resembling a heart. This…

What Is Hornwort? Hornworts are classified as bryophytes alongside mosses and liverworts. They are non-vascular plants, which means they don’t have the specific tissues that other plants have for carrying nutrients and water. For this reason, most bryophytes don’t grow very tall and instead stay very low to the ground. Unlike mosses and liverwort, Hornworts…

What is Java Moss?  Java moss belongs to the Hypnaceae family and usually grows in moist tropical climates. Unlike other mosses, it can grow both fully submerged or in partial water. However, due to its little requirements when it comes to light and water quality, it is usually most common among freshwater aquarists. This moss…

What Is Lemon Button Fern? Lemon Button Fern is the smallest selection of Boston also scientifically known as Nephrolepis cordifolia ‘Duffii’. Unlike Boston Ferns, this plant normally grows no larger than about a foot tall. As the name suggests, this flora is part of a group of plants called ferns. Ferns are vascular plants that…

What is Liverwort? Liverwort, scientifically known as Monosolenium Tenerum, is an aquatic plant very close to the moss family. Despite its striking similarity, this plant is not an actual moss, but rather apart of the Liverwort genus. This plant was originally mistaken and labeled as Pellia or Pelia. It wasn’t until sometime after Liverwort was…

This definitive guide on mood moss (Dicranum Scoparium) provides an in-depth look at the vivarium plant… Care tips, how to and propagation advice

What Is Mosquito Fern? Mosquito Fern (Azolla Filiculoides) is a very interesting plant to enhance a thriving vivarium. Aside from basically taking care of itself, this fern can be extremely beneficial to its environment as well as other plants. Many hobbyists use this vibrant plant as a way to decorate their tanks. Mosquito Fern’s floating…

This definitive guide on peat moss (Sphagnum Moss) provides an in-depth look at the vivarium plant… Care tips, how to and propagation advice

What Is Phoenix Moss? Phoenix moss belongs to the Fissidentaceae family and its genus includes up to 400 different kinds of mosses. It is an aquatic moss that has recently become very popular among freshwater aquarium hobbyist. Phoenix moss is a very green, fluffy, lush plant that will easily attach to most substrates and surfaces.…

What Is Rabbit Foot Fern? Rabbit Foot Fern is a tropical species of fern that is part of the Davalliaceae family. It belongs to the Davallia genus, which is made up of about 40 plants. Rabbit Foot fern’s scientific name is Davallia tyermannii. Along with the rest of the Davallia genus, this plant is known…

What Is Sheet Moss? In modern times, the term “sheet moss” is loosely used to identify any form of pleurocarpous land moss. In a more appropriate usage, the term is usually used to refer bryophytes of the specific genus, hypnum. To correctly identify sheet moss for easy acquirement and understanding, Hypnum Cupresiforme would be the…

What Is Silver Lace Fern? Pteris Ensiformis ‘Evergemiensis’ is a species of brake fern that grows in clusters of flat, oval-shaped leaves. The splashes of white color pouring throughout the leaves and stems of this plant has garnished it the common name, Silver Lace Fern. Depending on what part of the world you ask, there…

What Is Silver Ribbon Fern? Pteris Cretica is a species of evergreen plant that belongs to the Pteridaceae family. The general name of Pteris is derived from the Greek term for “feather”, which refers to the plant’s delicate and crest-like look. The silver colored ribbon flowing through the ruffled leaves of this fern bestow it…

What Is Star Moss? Star moss is a plant that belongs to the Tortuola genus under the order of Pottiales. Till the present day, there is a large amount of misconception surrounding Star Moss. Although it is commonly bought from aquariums in Singapore, Star moss is not really an aquatic plant. In fact, it is…

What Is Taiwan Moss? Taxiphyllum Alternans is a species of moss that grows in a creeping fashion. This means that the plant grows horizontally rather than vertically. Usually known by the name of Taiwan moss, this bryophyte is the perfect carpeting moss for aquascaping. Unlike many other mosses, this plant is capable of living in…

What Is Weeping Moss? Vesicularia Ferriei is a species of moss that grows in an outward fashion. This moss is mainly aquatic but will survive for a period of time on land if the humidity is high enough. Commonly referred to as weeping moss, this bryophyte is great for decoration around hardscapes giving off a…

What Is Willow Moss? Fontinalis Antipyretica is a species of moss in the Fontinalaceae family. This moss is commonly referred to as willow moss due to its willow tree-like appearance. Though this moss is not a fairly new bryophyte to the world, it has recently become a more sought after plant to put in cooler water…

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