Hello there, it’s been about a month since our last project and for good reason. I’ve been on a deep-diving adventure into Japanese culture. There are so many amazing things about that country I’m not entirely sure where to start. This Japanese-influenced bantamarium experience is going to be broken into a four-part series and this Buddha/Shinto kami jungle terrarium is going to be part one.
Putting Buddha In a terrarium
Ok so, I went to this project with an extreme novice level of awareness about Japanese culture and its ties to Buddhism. Like any typical American, my naive mind went into this thinking Japanese decor will just be a few Asian-themed buildings, maybe a rock garden, and a Buddha terrarium… I’m definitely putting Buddha in a terrarium!
Now when I look back at the start of this experience, after weeks of research and a newly found religion, I feel a sense of humble I haven’t felt in quite some time. With that being said, a mini-series consisting of four living dioramas barely scratches the surface on the level of depth I think the Japanese culture deserves.
This series is going to focus on one aspect of their culture… religion. One of the two popular religions will be the focal point of our theme… Shintoism. (So yes, there will be more series about Japan to come later in the future).
Making A Shinto Kami Jungle Terrarium
Our first project of the series is a really good introduction to the theme and overall idea I wanted to capture. It’s also a fairly easy vivarium to make compared to what’s to come in the lineup. Since I really had my mind set on a Buddha terrarium, I comparably found a way to incorporate the idea into a more Shinto-influenced tank. We will be making a terrarium that has a kami sculpture in it.
For those wondering why it looks a lot like a Buddha Sculpture and is not familiar with what a kami is… Shintoism is a type of religion closely influenced by many aspects of Buddhism. For instance, many types of kami statues were closely modeled to resemble similar elements found with Buddha statues. We will get more into this as we go… For now, let’s make a terrarium!
- 4x4in Glass Cylinder Vase
- Shinto Kami Sculpture (Shinzō)
- Pleurocarpous Moss (Barbula Sp.)
- Phoenix Moss (Fissidens Fontanus)
- Common Haircap Moss (Polytrichum Commune)
- Delicate Fern Moss (Thuidium Delicatulum)
- Eco-Complete Aquarium Gravel
- Fine Grit Sand
- Black Lava Rocks
- Matte Acrylic Paint
- Clear Sealant
Shinto Kami Sculpture Decor Construction:
Shintoism is based on the idea that Spirits live in all the things around us. Elements like water, wind, and fire would have a spirit according to Shinto. In nature, almost anything could possess a spirit as well… like trees, rocks, or even fish.
These Spirits are referred to as kami. A simple, yet not a completely accurate, way to view kami is to think of them as a type of demi God or deity. Our model was designed to mimic an old sculpture made during the Heian period (794 – 1185).
There isn’t much we will need to do to prepare our kami statue. Out of the box it comes in black with no assembly required. We can paint this model, seal it and place it directly into the terrarium.
You may paint your kami statue to your heart’s desire. Ceramic, weathered stone or even white porcelain are great choices to go with when deciding on a look for your miniature diety. I wanted mine to look like it was carved out of hinoki wood since that’s what these types of sculptures where made from during its time.
I kept my colors simple and worked with various shades of brown until I got the desired look. If you would like to do something similar, start by painting the entire model light brown. Run across its sideways with a dry stroke of medium and dark brown. I did this several times and went back around the entire model in a wet paper towel just to help age the model.
Once you finish painting your model, don’t forget to spray a clear sealant over the model to keep the colors locked into the sculpture.
Making Japanese Jungle terrarium decor:
For this terrarium, I chose to go with the smaller vase as it seemed like the perfect proportion to build around my tiny shinzō decor (fun fact: shinzō is what the Japanese call sculptures or paintings of kami deities). Look at you so far… You came here thinking you were just going to find another basic tutorial about terrariums…
Before adding any substrate to the vase, I arranged a few lava rocks in a donut pattern to act as a pedestal for my Shinzo. I hot glued the rocks together but I don’t think this is really a necessary step. Once the rocks are centered in the vase, I filled the center with black aquarium substrate.
I started the substrate off with about half an inch of sand. This felt like a nice contrast of color to build my base layer off of. The rest of this scape is going to be pretty dark so this is a nice way to help add character to our overall design.
Next I’ll go with a good amount of black aquarium gravel. I want to offset this layer so that the back of the jar has about two and a half inches of gravel and the front has about half an inch. This slope not only creates depth but also helps make the scape appear larger when viewing from the front.
Once the substrate is in place I place Shinzo in to get a better idea of how I’ll build the terrarium around it. I’m a huge fan of black Lava rock and think that it will blend perfectly with the gravel. I’m stacking it in a way that looks natural as if the rocks created the gravel sediments the plants eventually grew on.
Japanese Jungle Terrarium Plants
If you’ve been following this blog for a while, you’d know my obsession with moss. They’re tiny, easy to maintain and come in an infinite array of styles. For this terrarium, I decided to mix in a few species to create a very urban, abandoned look.
Starting with my classic Barbula Sp. Moss, I sprinkled it around and made sure to fully carpet the front. This is a lush, carpet-growing Moss that will create a natural green floor. I usually end up with a fully carpeted mat after a few weeks of acclimation.
My next choice for moss is Phoenix Moss. This moss is a really good mid-ground moss that resembles palm bushes in wild jungles. I’m curious to see how this particular moss grows against the others since it grows considerably slower. I tried to place this closer to the base of the sculpture and also around the midground area.
I had some Thuidium Delicatulum laying around from another project and felt like its fern-like appearance would be perfect for the background of this terrarium. This fern moss adds a lot of personality to the enclosure as well as the dense foilage you would expect to find in an untampered jungle.
Jungle Terrarium Animals
My usual cleanup crew (springtails) went in after I completed the build. These guys do a great job keeping the mold at bay. I was able to capture a tiny red millipede from my backyard and thought he would really capture the essence of the wild nature scene I wanted to create.
Mini Campsite Terrarium Care
As with most of my miniature terrariums, this tank should do well on its own. As things grow in, the natural take over will only further enhance the scenery. If you haven’t already, mist down the scape and seal it with a little plastic wrap. Open it every once in a while to allow fresh air to circulate.
Even though I didn’t fulfill my expectations of creating a Buddha terrarium, this Shinto deity terrarium more than exceeded my goal of capturing an aspect of Japanese culture with a Buddhist-inspired statue. I’m happy with the overall design and will add this to the winning shelf and get prepared to get into part two of the Shinto Series.
If you’re interested in seeing updates on how this as well as other enclosures progress follow me on social media. If you’d like to get your tall tweezers on one of these limited edition vivarium decors yourself, check them out in our shop.