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Malaysian Driftwood (Blackwood)

Malaysian Driftwood is one of the most popular woods to use in a vivarium to date. This wood usually comes to mind when hobbyists think of driftwood for aquariums.

Everything about Malaysian wood defines the criteria of what enthusiasts hope to expect from its use. This article will provide a full understanding of what exactly driftwood is and how to maintain it within an enclosure.

Quick Stats:

Scientific Name: Diospyros Ebonasea

Botanical Name: Malaysian Driftwood

Other Common Names: Ebony, Malaysian Blackwood

Origin (Habitat): Malaysia (Forest)

Height: Up to 12in

Color: Dark Brown, Black

PH Impact: Acidic

Plant Type (Sector): Tree (Roots, Trunk)

What Is Malaysian Driftwood?

Malaysian Driftwood is a unique type of wood exported from Malaysia. Different varieties of trees originate in the country but the most highly sought-after wood comes from a plant called Diospyros Ebonasea.

This perennial plant produces some of the densest and darkest wood used in many industries. Ebonasea is part of the genus Diospyros which is a group of dark woods also typically referred to as Ebony.

Malaysian Driftwood Aquascape Tips

Malaysian Driftwood Facts

Malaysian Driftwood is commonly called Malaysian Blackwood or Ebony due to its trees being relatively dark in appearance. Blackwood is an evergreen tree and is considered one of the hardest softwoods used commercially.

This driftwood is extremely favorable within the aquarium niche because of its looks, density, and slow rate of decay. Other industries find this wood valuable and can be found with use in flooring, furniture, and even sculptures.

Description

Diospyros Ebonasea is a very easy wood to identify. The dark contrast of ebony trees sets them apart from others. Blackwood will often exhibit a dark brown color with streaks of black flowing throughout the wood. In fact, some variations of the driftwood may appear so dark that it almost looks black entirely.

Size and shape will vary based on the particular specimen bought. Most driftwood from Malaysia is usually found to be in the shape of a whole or part tree trunk. The sizes will typically range between 6 to 10 inches depending on the source.

The density of Malaysian Driftwood is another notable feature that sets this wood apart from others. It is one of the heaviest and most durable woods used in the vivarium hobby.

Ebonasea even has the tendency to be less brittle than ebony woods found in other parts of the world. This is why many vivarium enthusiasts find Malaysian Blackwood to be the best driftwood to use on the market.

Habitat

Malaysian Blackwood is indigenous to the forest of Malaysia. Other species of the Diospyros genus can be found around the world but will have a different set of characteristics. African Blackwood, a similar species within the ebony group, is a more brittle wood that looks and feels similar to Malaysian Blackwood.

Environmental Influence

Malaysian Driftwood can have a heavy influence on the surrounding areas it’s placed within. In many cases, this is the major reason hobbyists choose to use wood. The dark driftwood will leech moderate amounts of tannins into the aquarium water.

This will cause the water to take on a tea-colored tint while simultaneously lowering the PH and hardness drastically. This is ideal for tanks that require a PH level to be under 7.

Vivarium Type

Malaysian Driftwood is great for both aquariums as well as terrariums. This versatile wood will provide a healthy source of food to invertebrates as it breaks down and leech into the water. Use this wood risk-free in any type of vivarium that doesn’t require water hardness to be above 7. Here is a recommended list of vivariums Blackwood is commonly used in:

  • Paludariums – Half aquatic/ half terrain-based enclosure.
  • Ripariums – Mostly aquatic-based enclosures with some terrain features present.
  • Terrariums – Fully terrain-based enclosures with little to no aquatic features.
  • Aquariums – Fully aquatic-based enclosure with no terrain features.

Vivarium Usage

Malaysian Blackwood can be used in a number of ways within a vivarium. This type of driftwood is commonly used as both a hardscape as well as a substrate for many vivarium plants, biofilm, and algae. They last longer above water and are in most cases presoaked to remove excessive tannin.

In aquariums or ripariums, this wood can be used for a number of years before fully decaying. As the wood begins to deteriorate, a biofilm is formed along the surface. Shrimp along with many other types of aquatic animals will feed off of the film digesting healthy nutrients.

In terrariums and the land portions of a paludarium, Malaysian Blackwood can be used right away and will continue to age giving off a settled look. Birds, reptiles, and amphibians will use this wood to stand or climb to higher positions within the enclosure.

Driftwood being placed above water will not have to be pre-soaked but should still be securely placed.

Advantages

Malaysian Driftwood is excellent driftwood for all-level hobbyists as it doesn’t present the potential dangers woods typically. The exotic look will add detail to any enclosure it is placed in and will hold up for a relatively long time before decay.

The moderate levels of tannin released are beneficial for freshwater setups and often ideal for Blackwater tanks. Blackwood will provide a place for inhabitants to hide, breed, and eat. This type of driftwood is non-toxic, making it safe for all kinds of inhabitants.

Disadvantages

One of the biggest drawbacks of using Malaysian Driftwood in aquariums is its discoloration tendencies. Some enthusiasts love the look of this wood but don’t want the look of the darker-colored water. To prevent this presoak will be a necessity and might take a long period of time to saturate before use.

Due to the low water parameter influence, this wood would not be ideal for hard water enclosures that require the PH to be above 7. The wood does float when it’s dry so that may require periods of pre-soaking or anchoring.

One final disadvantage of Malaysian Driftwood is its rate of decay. This wood is not considered rot-resistant. Above all, it will last much longer than most softwoods but overall it does still have a shelf-life.

Buy Malaysian Driftwood

When looking at Malaysian Driftwood for sale, expect a few key indicators you are buying the best quality wood. These woods should always be free of pests. In addition, the source of driftwood should come from a contributor who Preferably specializes in the pet industry.

Avoid taking these from hardware stores or outdoors unless you can assure the wood hasn’t been treated with toxic chemicals or pesticides. Click the image below to find out more about the current price and other relative info:

Malaysian Driftwood Preparation

When acquiring Malaysian Driftwood for the first time, it may need to be properly conditioned before going into a vivarium. All pieces should be inspected to make certain no pest or rot has taken residence within the wood. Once checked, it can be cleaned and placed securely within the desired enclosure.

Sterilizing Malaysian Wood

Above all, It is always a good idea to sterilize driftwood when you first receive it. A light brushing will knock excess dirt and sand off. If additional cleaning is required, pressure washing Blackwood would be the next step in cleaning it.

In addition, if the pieces of wood are small enough to fit in a pot, boiling the wood is a definite way to kill bacteria as well as saturate the wood from tannins that will lead to unwanted water coloration.

Sinking Malaysian Wood

Malaysian Driftwood is without a doubt one of the easiest wood to sink. On the contrary, if you don’t mind the color change in your tank, this wood is pretty much instantly submersible. Simply place it directly in the tank and form it to the desired position.

Driftwood Similar To Malaysian Blackwood

Adding diversity to an enclosure is key to an aesthetically pleasing enclosure. Try mixing up the look of your vivarium with different woods that can easily co-exist in the same types of environment.

If for some reason you find this wood hard to acquire or would like to consider something similar to it… Furthermore, here are some other kinds of driftwood you might find may do well with or in place of Malaysian Driftwood:

Manzanita Wood - The Driftwood Guide
Bamboo Wood (Stakes, Poles & Hides) - The Hardscape Guide
Gnarly Driftwood "Mopani Wood" - The Hardscape Guide

Conclusion

In conclusion, Malaysian Driftwood is easily one of the most popular vivarium woods to use in any setup. All the things that make driftwood desirable can be found within this wood. It sinks almost instantly, it’s visually striking, and it provides a number of benefits to both the enclosure as well as its inhabitants.

If you are reading about this wood for the first time, you should now be able to tell why it is so highly sought after. Furthermore, what are your thoughts about wood exported from Malaysia?

Frequently Asked Questions

Malaysian driftwood is typically made from Alstonia, Shorea, or Balau hardwoods, commonly found in Southeast Asia. These hardwoods are renowned for their durability and resistance to rot, making them a great option for use in aquariums and aquatic decorations.

Malaysian driftwood is incredibly durable, with pieces lasting for years when properly cared for. With regular maintenance, some driftwood pieces can even last for decades.

Yes, Malaysian driftwood is generally safe for aquariums. Depending on the species, it may contain high levels of tannins, which may affect the water chemistry of your aquarium. However, if you soak it and boil it before adding it to the tank, you should be able to minimize this effect.

On average, Malaysian driftwood takes between 2 days to a month to sink into an aquarium. The exact amount of time depends on the size and type of driftwood, as well as the type of tank.

Boiling Malaysian driftwood should take between 3060 minutes. Make sure to check the wood periodically during the boiling process to ensure that it has adequately softened.

Malaysian driftwood can be cleaned with a stiff brush or steel wool. When cleaning your driftwood be sure to use only water and no soap or chemicals. You can also let your driftwood soak in a bucket of water for an hour to loosen up any dirt and debris. Once your driftwood is completely dry, it is ready for use in your aquarium.

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