Magnolia Leaves (Magnolia Grandiflora)

Southern Magnolia trees produce some of the largest, most distinctive, leaves used in the vivarium hobby. They are durable and provide a number of benefits to the enclosure. They are great for use as a decoration as well as a source of nutrients for plants and animals. If you are wondering if they are suitable for your particular tank, this article will furnish your curiosity and help with your decision.

Quick Stats:

Scientific Name: Magnolia Grandiflora

Family: Magnoliaceae

Common Names: Magnolia Leaf, Cucumber Tree Leaf, Southern Magnolia Leaf

Origin (Habitat): Southeast North America (Uplands, Valleys)

Height: Up to 9in

Color: Brown, Tan, Orange

PH Impact: Acidic

Plant Type (Sector): Tree (Leaf)

What Are Magnolia Leaves?

Magnolia leaves are leaves that fall from various types of magnolia trees and shrubs. There are over 200 recorded species within the genus Magnolia found throughout the world. Magnolia Grandiflora is one of the more popular trees in the U.S. to harvest leaves from for use in vivariums. Common ways to refer to a Magnolia Leaf include both Cucumber Tree Leaf and Southern Magnolia Leaf.

Magnolia Leaf Litter - Substrate Guide

Magnolia Leaves Facts

Magnolia Grandiflora trees have the unique ability to naturally produce pest repellent chemicals on their leaves. The compound is known as coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones are antimicrobial substances secreted from the tree to prevent insects from nesting and/or on the plant’s foliage. This chemical gradually wears down once leaves have fallen from the tree. Furthermore, there aren’t any known instances of this compound being toxic to animals or having a negative impact on the enclosure.

Description

Magnolia leaves have a number of characteristics that make them relatively easy to distinguish from other botanical types. Even though various species of Magnolia tree leaves will look slightly different, they all have similar traits I will cover with Magnolia Grandiflora in particular. In addition, a Grandiflora leaf will also look different depending on rather they are still on the tree or have dropped off and fallen to the ground.

Magnolia leaves are typically green when they’re still attached to a tree. Shades of green will vary from species but will range from dark green to light green. Once the leaf has fallen off the tree and decomposition has begun to set in, the leaf will start to change color. Colors will generally vary between brown, orange, and tan.

The shape of a Southern Magnolia Leaf is usually that of an oval. These leaves are one of the biggest leaves used in the vivarium hobby ranging between 4 to 9 inches in length. In addition, they are one of the heavier leaves as well due to the thick wax-like coating that covers the leaves called a cuticle. For those wondering, this chemical is a hydroxy fatty acid that protects the leaf from salt and other types of pollutants found in nature.

Habitat

Magnolia Grandiflora trees can be found in the coastal plains of Southeast North America. The area is generally referred to as the uplands and the trees will grow alongside streams and swamps. This plant will create dense foliage that can make it difficult for other nearby plants to obtain necessary light for energy. As this tree drops its leaves, ground cover is created in and around water. This is the sought after look many hobbyists are aiming to replicate in bioactive enclosures.

Environmental Influence

Magnolia leaves can have a number of effects on the enclosure they are placed within. They release tannins, in which many cases, will lead to a slight color change of water if the vivarium has aquatic features. In addition, these tannins can also have an effect on lowering PH levels and water hardness. As the Magnolia leaf litter break down, they provide nutrients to plants, animals, and microfauna living near them.

Vivarium Type

Magnolia leaves are great for both aquariums as well as terrariums. This versatile botanical will provide hiding spaces for microorganisms to find refuge in as well as food. Use this leaf litter risk-free in any type of vivarium that doesn’t require water hardness to be above 7. Here is a recommended list of vivarium types Magnolia Grandiflora is commonly used in:

  • Paludariums – Half aquatic/ half terrain-based enclosure.
  • Ripariums – Mostly aquatic-based enclosure with some terrain features present.
  • Terrariums – Fully terrain-based enclosure with little to no aquatic features.
  • Aquariums – Fully aquatic-based enclosure with no terrain features.

Vivarium Usage

Magnolia leaves are botanicals commonly used in a number of vivarium types. In almost all cases, it will be used as a substrate additive overlaying the soil. Depending on rather the leaves are completely submerged or left out in the terrestrial section of an enclosure… Its effects and rate of decomposition will vary.

In aquariums or ripariums, Magnolia leaves will be used as leaf litter covering the aquatic substrate area. Its rate of decay will be slightly faster than it would be above water. As the leaves decompose, nutrients will release into the water influencing water hardness and PH to gradually drop. Tannins released from these leaves may turn the water brown depending on how much of the leaves are being used.

In terrariums and the land portions of a paludarium, Magnolia leaves are used to cover terrestrial substrate. The leaves will decay at a slower rate providing nutrients to the soils over time. This botanical cover will also supply small inhabitants a place to hide as well as additional moisture and source of food.

Advantages

The pros easily outweigh the cons when it comes to using Magnolia leaves in a vivarium. The leaves thickness makes it one of the slowest to decompose. This will assure longevity in vivariums and make this specific species one of the best to use within the hobby. The biofilm produced as this leaf breaks down provides nutrients and feeding material for plants, animals, and microfauna. In addition to being a great looking botanical to use as an overlay to the substrate, Magnolia leaves help to maintain humidity as well as create hiding grounds for small inhabitants.

Disadvantages

There aren’t too many negatives when it comes to using Magnolia leaf litter. As long as it’s being used exclusively for freshwater setups, there isn’t much to generally worry about. Leaching tannins can be a problem if your intent isn’t to have a blackwater setup. I’d recommend presoaking or using the leaves sparingly if you don’t want the water in aquariums to change color.

In addition, another concern to be cautious about is the overall size of these leaves. Magnolia Grandiflora trees produce leaves that can be as large as nine inches in length. This will make it difficult to construct a realistic look in smaller tanks. The only two options here will be to break the leaves into smaller parts or use a different leaf litter species entirely.

Buy Magnolia Leaves

When looking at Magnolia leaves for sale, expect a few key indicators you are buying the best quality product. These botanicals should always be free of pests. In addition, the source of leaf litter should come from a contributor who Preferably specializes in the pet industry. Avoid taking these from craft stores or outdoors unless you can assure the leaves haven’t been treated with toxic chemicals or pesticides. Click the image below to find out more about the current price and other relative info:

Magnolia Leaf Preparation & Usage

Preparing Magnolia leaves for a vivarium should be looked at as a necessity. It isn’t difficult to establish leaf litter that is both safe to use and functions the way it is intended. Properly harvested leaves shouldn’t need much more than a soak before use. Either way, be sure to always inspect new leaves for pests or signs of disease.

Sterilizing Magnolia Leaves

Sterilizing Magnolia leaf litter will assure the leaves are safe and help dilute tannins that will cause water to change. When it comes to cleaning Magnolia leaves, no harsh chemicals or products should be used. Simply add the leaves to a pot of boiling water and let sit for a couple of minutes. Afterward, move the leaves over to a pot with cold water and let it sit for half an hour. Furthermore, the leaves can be placed in the oven to bake as an alternative to boiling. Bake no more than 250 degrees for about 10 minutes to presoaked leaves to avoid burning.

Sinking Magnolia Leaves

Sinking Magnolia leaves are relatively easy to do. If you don’t mind them initially floating in your aquarium at first, then all it will take is patience. As the leaves become saturated in water, they will slowly sink down to the bottom. Additional weights from small rocks can help keep them anchored until all the air has left the leaf. In addition, the presoaking technique used to sterilize the leaves will help make them sink right away as well.

Leaf Litter Similar To Magnolia Leaves

Adding diversity to an enclosure is key to an aesthetically pleasing enclosure. Try mixing up the look of your vivarium with different types of leaf litter that can easily co-exist in the same biotype. Furthermore, if for some reason you find this leaf hard to acquire or would like to consider something similar to it… Either way, here are some other kinds of botanicals you might find may do well with or in the place of Magnolia Grandiflora leaves:

Horticultural Charcoal For Aquariums and Terrariums
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Activated Carbon For Aquariums & Terrariums

Conclusion

In conclusion, Magnolia leaf litter is great for a number of biotypes and can provide a lucrative amount of benefits. I’d recommend this botanical for large setups that have forest floor settings. Use it sparingly or presoak the leaves if you do not want a change in the color of the water. Other than that, enjoy the leaves the way nature intended and spoil inhabitants with nutrients these leaves will supply for long periods of time. What are your thoughts on Magnolia Grandiflora leaves?